Cameron is a Professor in the Department of Accounting at Monash University.

Prior to joining Monash University in 2009, he held positions at the University of Auckland and Citibank (Investment and Corporate Banking Division). Cameron was the Coordinator of the Honours Program in the Department of Accounting and Finance, Monash University over the period 2011-2013.

Cameron has published in journals such as Journal of Accounting Research, The Accounting Review, The Review of Accounting Studies, Contemporary Accounting Research, Auditing: a Journal of Practice and Theory, Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Financial Analyst Journal, Journal of Financial Markets, Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Financial Research, International Review of Financial Analysis, Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Australian Journal of Management, Accounting and Finance, and University of Auckland Business Review.

Cameron has won several Best Paper Awards at leading international accounting and finance conferences and several competitive research grants (AFAANZ and ACFS research grants).