Jared Rubin a professor of economics at Chapman University and co-author of the research. He is an economic historian interested in the role that Islam and Christianity played in the long-run “reversal of fortunes” between the economies of the Middle East and Western Europe.

He is also Co-Director of Chapman University’s Institute for the Study of Religion, Economics, and Society (IRES) and the President of the Association for the Study of Religion, Economics, and Culture (ASREC).

He serves on the editorial boards of Journal of Economic History, Journal of Comparative Economics, Explorations in Economic History and Essays in Economic and Business History.